Saturday, May 23, 2020

Art Activity Pl Demonstrating The Element Of Space

Art Activity Plan: Demonstrating the Element of Space Art Activity Description: The students will be introduced to Man with a Hoe by Jean-Franà §ois Millet and my artwork. Then the students will learn about the element of art emphasizing on space. Subsequent, students will be invited to analyze our use of space. Students will discuss their interpretations of the painting and provide visual evidence to back up their ideas. Following, they will be invited to share their understanding of how the man in the painting feels. Succeeding, students will then be invited to illustrate their understanding of how space creates emphasis by drawing a person in their family who works hard. Featured Artwork: Man with a Hoe, Jean-Franà §ois Millet, 1860–62 Jean-Francois Millet began studying art in Cherbourg at eighteen. In 1837 he received funding to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In 1849 he moved to Barbizon in Fontainebleau forest, where he lived for the rest of his life, mostly in grim poverty. There he painted his most famous works, including The Man with a Hoe. Millet portrayed the gravity, hardship, and dignity of common agricultural laborers. After decades of struggle, he was awarded a medal at the 1867 Exposition Universelle and received the Là ©gion d Honneur in 1868. Millet s humanity toward peasant life deeply impressed many painters, including Vincent Van Gogh. Learning Activity Overview: Students will be able to recognize that larger objects are placed in theShow MoreRelatedImpooving Employee Performance72019 Words   |  289 PagesTechniques 6. Five Program Requirements An Effective Performance Review Program Posttest Test Answers and Reasons for Them 7. Leaders Who Coach Create Coaching Cultures The Beneï ¬ ts of Integrating Coaching for Leaders Evoking the Coach Within The Elements of a Coaching Approach Creating a Coaching Culture Conclusion 8. Evaluating a Training Course on Performance Appraisal and Coaching 9. Case Study: Carilion Health System 10. Notes from the Field The Accenture Philosophy Managing Performance A PerformanceRead MoreMerger and Acquisition: Current Issues115629 Words   |  463 Pagescurrent mergers and acquisitions, particularly the effects of economic globalization and private equity funding. In Chapter 2 the authors answer the question of what driving force of acquisitions is of crucial importance for us to understand merger activitie s. Following the emergence of the market timing theory of mergers, recent studies that focus on overvalued bidders have found evidence in support of the theory. Equally important, however, undervalued targets form the other part of misvaluation theoryRead MoreBook to Study English for Chemistry12934 Words   |  52 PagesChemistry? 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No doubt such abilities reflect Michael’s early grounding in both the practice of accounting and its economic theorization, the former at Ford and the latter initiallyRead MoreQuality Improvement328284 Words   |  1314 Pagesiii This page intentionally left blank Preface Introduction This book is about the use of modern statistical methods for quality control and improvement. It provides comprehensive coverage of the subject from basic principles to state-of-the-art concepts and applications. The objective is to give the reader a sound understanding of the principles and the basis for applying them in a variety of situations. Although statistical techniques are emphasized throughout, the book has a strong engineeringRead MoreBhopal Gas Disaster84210 Words   |  337 Pagesalso gave its nod for the proposal of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies to open its South Asia Regional Office here to improve the efficacy of the Federation in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of its activities in the region. The regional office would, among other things, coordinate and advise on development projects and programmes of the national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies of the 2 25 Years After Bhopal Gas Disaster Bhopal prote sters detained

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Essay on Power of Jealousy in William Shakespeare’s...

Power of Jealousy in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar Brutus, the noblest Roman of them all (Julius Caesar,5.5.68) is the only innocent conspirator, according to Marcus Antonius. This tragedy presents the epitome of jealousy, along with envy, greed, and avarice. It is a true story based on Plutarchs Life of Julius Caesar. Several of the major players are struck by jealousy and greed -- certainly Cassius, who begins this evil conspiracy to assassinate Caesar out of personal jealousy, but needs Brutus credibility to make it happen. We eventually see Mark Antony gloat in his new-found influence and power over the mass of citizenry when he pronounces their interest in Caesars will. All: Most true, The will! Lets stay†¦show more content†¦Probably! He refers to himself in the royal We, and he seems quite taken with his own invincibility even after the augrerers could not find a heart in the beast in his quandary whether to go to the Senate, or stay at home as Calpurnia wishes. Caesar: The gods do this in shame of cowardice. Caesar should be a beast without a heart If he should stay at home today for fear. No, Caesar shall not. Danger knows full well That Caesar is more dangerous than he, We are two lions littered in one day, And I the elder and more terrible. And Caesar shall go forth. Calpurnia: Alas, my lord, Your wisdom is consumed in confidence. (Julius Caesar,2.2.41-51) It appears everybody wants something for themselves except Brutus. He believes himself to be a descendant of Lucius Junius Brutus that drove out the last of the emperors of Rome and instituted a republic. Brutus is a praetor by Caesars hand, a high ranking judge and official in the Senate. Brutus is by creed a Stoic. Big boys dont cry (or big girls either). Portia: Tell me your counsels, I will not disclose em. I have made strong proof of my constancy, Giving myself a voluntary wound Here in my thigh. Can I bear that with patience And not my husbands secrets? (Julius Caesar,2.1.298-302) Stoics live lives of rationalism, reason, and responsibility, never submitting to emotionalShow MoreRelatedWhat Are We Supposed To Know? The Depiction of a Controversial Character and the Accuracy of a Historical Story972 Words   |  4 Pageshelp yourself in the future. William Shakespeare’s depiction of Julius Caesar is very controversial. It seems as if he gives the readers the chance to figure out if they like or dislike him. In the form of historical accuracy, Shakespeare is accurate with what he believes to be true. For Shakespeare, what he has written is accurate for his location and time. Shakespeare is very confusing with his depiction of Caesar, the way Cassius spoke of Caesar was of pure jealousy. He never seemed to have a reasonRead MoreWhy Is Brutus Justified In Killing Julius Caesar787 Words   |  4 Pagesanother. In William Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar, the main character, Julius Caesar is made out to be an ambitious and arrogant dictator in Rome. He is surrounded by childhood friends, including his best friend and murderer, Brutus. Brutus is manipulated by Cassius, a roman senator and part of the conspiracy, into believing romans want Julius Caesar dead, so they form a conspiracy to kill Caesar. Although, the Romans say Brutus is honorable, Brutus is not justified in killing Julius Caesar becauseRead MoreAnalysis of William Shakespeares Julius Caesar1183 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿William Shakespeares Julius Caesar There have been many rulers in history who have been betrayed by those they trust, but The Tragedy of Julius Caesar (William Shakespeare,1959) still holds a special place in Western literature as one of the most enigmatic human beings to ever exist. Powerful men like Julius Caesar shaped the life and times of the late Roman Republic, just before Rome would officially become the Roman Empire on the crowning of Augustus as the first Roman emperor. Julius CaesarRead More Cassius as Tragic Hero in Julius Caesar Essay493 Words   |  2 PagesCassius as Tragic Hero in Julius Caesar    William Shakespeare wrote Julius Caesar around 1599. The role of the `tragic hero is extremely important as many of the characters in Julius Caesar exemplify the `tragic hero qualities. Marcus Brutus, and Julius Caesar, display all the qualities of the `tragic hero: they are great men, with character flaws, and as a result of a mistake in decision-making many people suffer. In Cassius one can see these same qualities. Cassius can be seen asRead MoreExamples Of Jealousy In The Tragedy Of Julius Caesar837 Words   |  4 PagesMerriam-Webster defines jealousy as â€Å"hostile toward a rival or one believed to enjoy an advantage.† Cassius is a main character in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. His tragic flaw is jealousy. His jealousy caused him to rope Brutus into a plot to assassinate Caesar, the â€Å"ruler of Rome.† Brutus and Cassius rope others into their plot, ultimately creating their group of conspirators. The Conspirators eventually kill Caesar in Act III and s et Rome into turmoil. Marc Antony, Caesar’s second in command,Read MoreAnalysis Of Brutus In The Tragedy Of Julius Caesar1147 Words   |  5 Pagesnever be too careful when it comes to trust because people change so quickly. A prime example of this is a character named Brutus in William Shakespeares The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. In this play the noble Brutus is persuaded by a group of conspirators that Julius Caesar, a friend of Brutus, should be killed before he is crowned the king. Following the death of Caesar, Brutus speaks out to the people of Rome. He left his speech feeling extremely confident, but soon came to find an angry city upsetRead MoreJulius Caesar s Death And The Fallout After It1721 Words   |  7 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar is one of his most monumental plays that cover Julius Caesar’s death and the fallout after it. He got the material for this play from a Greek writing called the Life of Julius Caesar. This was actually a famous biography written by Plutarch in the first century, I was later translated by Sir Thomas North in 1579. Published in 1599 this play is assumed to be the first to be ever preformed in the famous Globe Theater, it was a smash success that moved audiencesRead MoreExamining Whether or not Brutus is a Hero or Villain in Shakespeares Play Julius Caesar1003 Words   |  5 Pagesthe villain.† Harvey Dent, The Dark Knight. This quote can be assimilates to Brutus in Shakespeare’s play, Julius Caesar. In a way he died as a hero but he did live long enough and saw himself becoming the villain. Throughout the play, Brutus had been consumed in a lot of drama and deaths. The readers can tell the internal arguments he has with himself about it too. In William Shakespeare’s play, Julius Caesar, there are many tragic deaths, drama, and heroes and villains. The question is, who isRead More The Ambitious Marc Antony in Julius Caesar996 Words   |  4 Pages The Ambitious Marc Antony in Julius Caesar nbsp; The tragic and untimely death of Julius Caesar, a condemned Roman tyrant, triggered William Shakespeares creativity. In his play Julius Caesar Shakespeare writes of the treacherous conspirators, Marcus Brutus and Caius Cassius, and their plans to assassinate their Roman leader, Julius Caesar. The story continues to explain how Caesars loyal friend, Marc Antony, helps avenge the brutal murder. After Antony receives soldiers to fightRead MoreAct 2 Scene 1 Extended Response Julius Caesar.1222 Words   |  5 PagesAct 2 Scene 1 in William Shakespeare’s play, Julius Caesar is a very important one. It is where Brutus reflects about tyranny, power and its nature, and Julius Caesar. He also receives an anonymous letter asking him to â€Å"Speak, Strike, Redress!† against Caesar for the good of Rome. Eventually he meets with the rest of the conspirators and they discuss Caesars assassination. The atmosphere in Act 2 Scene 1 is almost a little bit shifty and sly in comparison to the rest of the play. Brutus is thinking

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Miss america speech Free Essays

Miss America Central Idea: My passion and dream of wanting to be Miss America since I was little. Introduction 1. Getting to know the crowd, story about when I was younger 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Miss america speech or any similar topic only for you Order Now Talk about my performance, how I was miss NM, and how much this means to me now. A. Favorite movie miss congeniality b. Miss NM opportunity came along c. Being famous was my dream as a kid 3. Transition into main body Main body 4. My Performance a. Swimsuit competition/ evening wear b. Question/answer: Interview c. Talent (slinger/rapper) Fancy by Gigs Azalea Featuring Charlie XX 4. Translator Into Idea 2 . What this means to me now a. It’s an honor to represent my country as Miss America b. Great to support my platform for raising awareness for Susan G. Keen Foundation Breast Cancer awareness is one of the most important causes of our lifetime c. Show people that a small town girl from new Mexico can do great things in their life. Quote â€Å"Hope is not a dream but a way of making dreams become reality. â€Å"- James Woman 6. Transition into idea 3 7. Miss New Mexico a. Being miss Los Alamos b. Getting to compete In the state level and willing c. Preparing for the MISS America competition Conclusion Thanks to: -judges -fans/people who believed in me -my home town of LA/ the state of NM Special thanks to my parents who believed in me and who gave me some pretty amazing genes which I believe contributed to helping me win. Speech my whole life†¦ But it’s still a huge shock so bear with me. Okay. So here I am. I know people always say they’ve dreamt about this moment since they were a kid or whatever. I seriously did, though. Like, Vie pretended I was giving this speech more times than I can count, except my audience was a bunch of stuffed animals instead of real life audience. Its been my dream to be miss America since I first saw my favorite movie, miss congeniality, when I was little. Then one day the opportunity came along and boom! The next thing I know IM standing here wearing a miss NM sash when I hear the hosts voice saying, â€Å"and our new miss America is†¦. Miss new Mexico! † I couldn’t have accomplished this without tracing it back to first becoming miss Los Alamos in my home town, to then getting the opportunity to compete at the state level and happening to win. Being miss NM is a huge opportunity I never thought would come along. Getting that chance was an honor and I couldn’t have been more excited to experience that amazing opportunity. Im so thankful to everyone who has helped me in this Journey. My vocal coach was a huge inspiration for me and his guidance helped me master my song of choice, Fancy by Gigs Azalea. Vie always enjoyed rapping since I was little so it seemed fit that that’s what I would do for my talent. Im also very thankful to my trainer who helped me get my killer swimsuit body and six pack abs for the swimsuit competition where is where I scored most of my points by the way. I would also like to touch on the fact that the question/ answer section was probably my favorite part. A recap for those that don’t remember, I was asked about my motivation for being here and my answer was my mom and grandma. I talked about their battle with breast cancer and how that made me realize how much we take for granted. Which brings me into the fact that I am so honored to be here and grateful for this opportunity which will help raise money and awareness for the Susan g conman foundation. Breast Cancer awareness is one of the most important causes of our lifetime right now and means the world to me. Its an amazing feeling to represent my country as the new miss America and this shows how a small town girl from new Mexico can and did accomplish her dream when she put her mind to it. As James Woman said, â€Å"Hope is not a dream but a way of making thanks. The Judges, my fellow contestants who became very close friends ,to my fans, my hometown of la, the state of NM and especially my parents who believed in me and who gave me some pretty amazing genes which I believe contributed to helping me win. You all have given me the chance to live my passion and dream, and I thank you all sincerely from the bottom of my heart. How to cite Miss america speech, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Counseling Ethics Individual Experiences

Question: Discuss about theCounseling Ethicsfor Individual Experiences. Answer: Introduction: An ethical dilemma emerges when any individual experiences get confused in selecting among the two choices, each of which appears to have similarly solid platforms to be picked, but the individual can't pick both or more than a solitary option (Bond, 2015). The medicinal services specialists frequently experience genuine ethical good issues in circumstances which include offering an incapable life-maintaining treatment to an in critical condition individual, or applying willful extermination to a diminishing patient. In any case, the instance of Susan Lee was in reality an exemption. The 57 year old Singaporean specialist had been developing as truly newsworthy in the step by step papers since 2011, as she was being reproached for charging an absurdly high rate of cash for the treatment of the sister of the Brunei Ruler. The ethical bind ascending here is that ought to a specialist charged a significant measure of $24.8 million just in light of the way that she was in the treatment of a man from the superb family, or should she have charge the precisely equal cost for every patient, free of the financial or social complexities (Christensen et al., 2014). Obviously, the clashing of the counter here is that a specialist ought to have an obligation based on the ethical of nursing and curing her patient instead of attempting to lay out a regard based association with her. Notwithstanding, the motivation driving the article is to choose the inherent good inconvenience that Susan Lim is helping and con fronting her for settling her condition with the assistance of the 8-stage of the decision based on the ethical grounds (Heyler et al., 2016). Discussion: The 8-stage model of ethical decision is an exceptional model that lets anyone to determine any quandary by separating an issue by each progression, looking at the outcomes, evaluating the gravity of every result on the general population included, and in this way at last picking the most suitable arrangement. The initial move that should be concerned in this model is the issues recognizable proof. To the extent, the case of Susan Lim is concerned, it has been watched that Susan Lim, the Singaporean specialist is experiencing a difficulty in selecting two potential choices. The following stride here is that the recognizable proof of the probable issues included. The key ethical issue required for this situation is that notwithstanding being a social insurance master who is endowed with the obligation of ensuring patients life, Susan is slanted to concentrate more on the materialistic advantages of her calling, as opposed to the expert commitment. She trusts in cheating the therapeutic expense from a regal family that is unsatisfactory. Then again, there is no unbending principle with reference to how much an expert can charge from his patient, on the off chance that he is treating him on an individual premise (Give Kel et al., 2016). Subsequently in this case, the additional issue who is going for deciding the ethicality of the circumstance, as there is non-existence of stringent ethical regulation in the human services industry concerning what amount can a doctor charge his customer for, in place of the administration he is giving (Anderson and Anderso n, 2014). Whilst the expert ideals are an essential issue here, the industry thought is similarly a critical issue. For Susan, offering human services administration is her job, and she was making her living beyond that. The third step is examining the moral tenets. According to the degree of the moral qualities, there is no deciding being assumed that can discard the commerciality of the specialists. Notwithstanding the way that the Singaporean High Court has twice announced that each the third step here is exploring the moral rules. To the extent the moral rules are worried, there are next to zero rule is being detailed that can dispense with the commerciality of the wellbeing experts. In spite of the fact that the Singaporean High Court has twice declared that every wellbeing professional has an essential commitment towards the prosperity of the patient, and in this manner he ought to abstain from over-charging a patient, there are no strict laws about the similar. The moral rules of the human services industry express that a wellbeing professional will dependably have a superior moral obligation towards the prosperity of his patient, which ought to dependably victory over his acquisitive contempl ations (Jonsen, 2015). The forth step for considering here is, that it is important for knowing the significant laws and controls worried here. In spite of the fact that there is no firm law against cheating, and it is accepted that a patient would accuse insignificant measure of out his self agreement, if a doctor is as a rule ceaselessly blamed for cheating the expense, he would be sued for expert unfortunate behavior and wind up paying an enormous measure of cash as a feature of the punishment. The following step required in this model, which counsel must be acquired from different specialists about the ethicality of the choice to be considered (Doval et al., 2015). The Court and also the Therapeutic Gathering Leading group of Singapore has plainly expressed that a specialist can never charge an expense advanced than the rate of the market. Regardless of the possibility that the patient consents to the higher medicinal cost included, the High Court of Singapore forms it, an order that the moral commitments of a patient ought to under different situation get a high ground over any legally binding commitments. In the sixth step, it is imperative considering the probable game-plan, and act in like manner. Here, Susan was left with two different options it is possible that she can contemplate the choice of cheating the patient, compelled by her yearning to accomplish more prominent benefit in her calling, or she can regard the ethical sets of principles of her business, and charges the market expenditure, ignoring the patient that has a place with a well-off family. The seventh step is for considering here is to weigh and review the result of each and every possible methodology. To the degree the essential methodology is concerned, it is being watched that the patient's family can point the finger at Susan for having duped the helpful charge, and that is most likely going to wreck the reputation of the specialist, and can in like manner harm the all-inclusive community attitude towards the moral respectability of the experts. Furthermore, the essential alternative had a probability that is high of landing him amidst honest to goodness bothers as well (Chattopadhyay, 2015). On the other hand, if the choice that second that is for be picking it up, that is, if Susan is kept from picking the decision of bamboozling the patient, the family of patient's would not point the finger at her or her family to anything mistakenly, and she would not have for encountering any legitimate discipline for having broken the codes of moral of restorative moral. She would have the ability to remain reliable with her master responsibilities as well. In the wake of considering and evaluating the conceivable outcomes of each activity, it has been watched that Susan has two conceivable contrasting options to follow up on, and given the decision to pick the correct one, she ought to dependably pick the second option. The explanation for picking the second option lies in the way that Susan would confront objectionable lawful concerns on cheating a patient. The Singaporean government has commanded that a specialist should only charge reasonable and sensible expenses from their patients, and he ought not organize his benefits of business over ethical duty towards any patient. In spite of the fact that there is no ethical restrict, concerning what expense ought to be charged, if the patient's family blames the specialist for cheating, she may wind up paying $10000 as punishment. Moreover, if Susan would be lawfully sued, this may negatively affect her vocation prospects too. Considering this, she ought to pick not to cheat her patient, and regardless of the possibility that she plans to charge high thinking of her as skill, the sum ought to be reasonably high (Weaver, 2016). Susan Lim's reaction on over-charging a patient, disregarding her ethical commitments towards a patient can't be legitimized to be ethically a correct option by any stretch of the imagination. Be that as it may, on the off chance that one needs to protect her activity, and appreciate the motivation behind why she picked the choice, the hypothesis of Moral Subjectivism ought to be picked. As per the hypothesis of Moral Subjectivism, an activity can be respected to be ethically right or wrong as per what the subject, or the culprit of the activity considers being correct or off-base. Along these lines, no activity, as indicated by this hypothesis is inherently right or wrong, and if the subject esteems his activity to be ethically right, the activity is correct, paying little mind to what the social standards assert. Susan Lim herself was very much aware that she was not charging an extravagant measure of cash from a devastated or fiscally bankrupt individual, yet rather she was chargi ng a robust sum from an individual from the Illustrious family. The patient or her family, as per Susan, was fiscally sufficiently effective to bear the cost of the doctor's visit expense, with no trouble (Barker, 2013). Another major reason with respect to why Susan may have done this, or experienced the ethical problem is that the doctor was a standout amongst the most perceived specialists of Singapore, and henceforth she esteemed it consummately ideal to charge high, thinking of her as higher abilities and more recognized skill. Susan herself may contend also that notwithstanding being included in a business that serves the welfare of the general population, she simply like whatever other individual plans to procure penny through her calling. Accordingly, while a private guide may offer his administration at a higher charge, or an agent may offer his treats at a higher value, she likewise needed to offer her administration in lieu of a higher sum. The hypothesis of good subjecti vism guarantees that the rightness of an activity exclusively relies on upon the contemplations and sentiments of the culprit. Subsequently, in the event that one takes a gander at Susan, one can find that Susan's contention can well legitimize her position and the reason of her activity. As per this ethical hypothesis, it is vain to condemn and judge the activities of other individuals, was not just every one demonstrations to their greatest advantage, however each man works as per what he feels to be a correct activity. Despite the fact that along these lines, with the assistance of the above hypothesis, one may effectively legitimize the ethical position of Susan Lim, it is essential to observe the constraints of this hypothesis also. To the extent the hypothesis is concerned, the rightness of an activity is resolved I terms of what the subject esteemed to be correct. However, the real restriction of the hypothesis lies in the way that to every culprit of an activity, his own point of view is correct. Not very many individuals experience the ill effects of a feeling of repentance and acknowledge that his activity wasn't right. Presently, in the event that one needs to consider the rightness of an activity as far as the point of view of the practitioner, practically every activity, including the wrong ones, must be esteemed to be correct. Each activity in that capacity would need to be thought to be simply. The cheat taking another person's property must be defended on the off chance that one needs to consider that his point of view was ideal, as he needed to convey cash to his home to the detriment of the diligent work of other individuals (Tan, 2016). Conclusion: To finish up, it ought to be noticed that cheating a patient in any means, is illegitimate and ethically improper. It ought to be noticed that Susan or alike specialists on a frequent basis confronts an ethical dilemma, as it essentially charged high being knowing that the activity is not an ethical choice at all. It is however imperative to determine the dilemma in the field of ethics and Susan ought to recall that she had to consent by the ethical commitments of her calling, or there is a possibility where she will be punished jail time for 3 years. Bearing in mind this incident, Susan is being encouraged to terminate over-charging patients. Reference List: Anderson, M., Anderson, S. L. (2014, July). GenEth: A General Ethical Dilemma Analyzer. InAAAI(pp. 253-261). Barker, K. (2013). The Island Has Its Reasons: Ethical Subjectivism in Fiction. Bond, T. (2015).Standards and ethics for counselling in action. Sage. Chattopadhyay, S. (2015). Corruption in Healthcare and medicine.Indian Journal of Medical Ethics,10(3), 153-189. Christensen, J. F., Flexas, A., Calabrese, M., Gut, N. K., Gomila, A. (2014). Ethical judgment reloaded: a ethical dilemma validation study.Frontiers in psychology,5, 607. Doval, H. C., Tajer, C. D., Borracci, R. A., Nuez, C., Samarelli, M., Tamini, S. (2015). Survey on Ethical Conduct Thresholds in Cardiologal Medical Practice in Argentina.Developing world bioethics,15(2), 68-75. Grant-Kels, J. M., Kim, A., Graff, J. (2016). Billing and up coding: Whatsa doctor-patient to do?.International Journal of Women's Dermatology,2(4), 149-150. Heyler, S. G., Armenakis, A. A., Walker, A. G., Collier, D. Y. (2016). A qualitative study investigating the ethical decision making process: A proposed model.The Leadership Quarterly,27(5), 788-801. Jonsen, A. R., Siegler, M., Winslade, W. J. (2015).Clinical Ethics: A Practical Approach to Ethical Decisions in Clinical Medicine, 8E. McGraw Hill Professional. Lim, J., Lee, D. (2013). Re-making Singapore healthcare. InSingapore Perspectives 2012: Singapore Inclusive: Bridging Divides(pp. 61-79). Tan, S. H. (2016). The Problems with Ethical Subjectivism. Weaver, C. A., Ball, M. J., Kim, G. R., Kiel, J. M. (2016). Healthcare information management systems.Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Monday, March 23, 2020

Frankenstein Essay Example Essay Example

Frankenstein Essay Example Paper Frankenstein Essay Introduction Frankenstein Frankenstein Frankenstein Frankenstein The analysis of the different styles, techniques and structure of the novel Frankenstein will involve a synopsis of the book as well as the final letters written by Robert Walton. A detailed analysis of the narration technique and instances of changing information in the published works will make up the body of the essay. The essay will conclude with the writing styles and an in-depth understanding of the creature’s behavior. In Chapter 8 of the novel Frankenstein, the scene begins at a court proceeding. The whole of Victor’s family had been requested as witnesses, and he accompanied them as a formality. The case involved the death of William, Victor’s younger brother and a suspected assailant, a teenage girl who was falsely accused of murdering the child. Justine was brought in and questioned by the counsels on her whereabouts on the night of the murder. Her answers made her the most probable suspect. Her cousin Elizabeth even tried to ouch for her good conduct in court. Later, Justine confessed that she was the killer and when Victor and Elizabeth asked her why did this, she said the creature had tormented and threatened her into submission. Finally, Justine was sentenced to death. The remainders of Victor’s days are filled with remorse, guilt, and in the process, he develops a plan to go after the monster and kill it with the hope that it would redeem him of his sins. Walton’s final letter The final letter is part of a series of letters that continued the Frankenstein story later. In the letters, Walton becomes the narrator of the story. Robert Walton was an explorer who chanced upon Victor Frankenstein during his last hours and listened to his tales that he documented through letters. The series of letters discloses Victor’s regrets. He created the monster that caused rampage by killing nearly all his family members and neighbors. The letters also reveal Victor’s plan to hunt down and destroy the monster. Walton’s final letter, dated September 12, narrates Victor’s adamancy to staying in the inhospitable climate until he finished off his enemy. The stress and illness soon killed Victor just as the monster made its way into the ship. Victor’s final moments were shared by the monster who narrated to Victor how it began its reign of terror. At the end, the monster vows to retreat to the frozen north until he would die. Layering of narration The integration of the narration of the two parties within the novel by Mary Shelley displays a new method through which the reader can understand the main theme in the book to totality. The storyline as narrated by Victor and by the creature compliment each other in strengthening the theme intended by Shelley. The creature, on his part, expresses how it came into the world through the hands of Frankenstein. It narrates its first contact with man and the hostile reaction that it received that slowly cultivated the idea of being a monster to avenge these wrongs. Throughout the creature’s narration, the reader is allowed to view life from its perspective. Within Walton’s narration, there is clear evidence that he came across Victor’s notes concerning the monster. Walton, therefore, validates Victor’s story by carrying on the monster chase that was started by the creator. The narrative in Frankenstein shifts from Victor Frankenstein to Robert Walton to the monster and back to Walton. Each shift in perspective creates a new personality set and new information is provided. Each narrator gives information exclusive to him or her. Victor describes the creation of the monster, Walton explains the conditions of Victor’s last days, and the monster explains how he transformed to being evil. The duality in the narration also reflects the different perspectives that Victor and the monster have. From Victor’s perspective, the monster is a wicked and revolting creature w hile from the monster’s narration; we see that it is an emotional and thoughtful being. The recounting of William’s murder is the best example of the contrast between these two perspectives. While Victor, in his letter to his father, focuses on the beastly acts of the monster, the creature’s version states the emotional reason as to why he murdered William. In doing so, the reader can understand the actions of the monster even if one cannot sympathize with him. Using a dual narrative style, the reader gets the opportunity to understand events from two perspectives that eventually shape their opinions of each character. This style may also be somewhat confusing as alternates the narrators between scenes or chapters but serves as a good technique in enabling one to comprehend the novel as a whole. Instances of Victor’s editing and revision of Walton’s letters Some of the comments noted down as Victor’s such as the famous inspiration quote that stated: â€Å"Inspirited by this wind of promise, my daydreams become more fervent and vivid† might have easily been Walton’s words. The trend with which the production of Frankenstein found itself as a novel was somewhat questionable. The story started as a letter to his sister, Saville and to his journal, to transcripts and lastly, as a publication. The similarity that exists in the character traits between Robert Walton and Victor Frankenstein might have extended to their works of literature. They showed strong similarities in the correction, in later volumes. The usage of certain words within the story in the context in which it was written were later changed either by Victor himself, Walton or the later publishers. Words such as â€Å"terrific†, â€Å"awful† and â€Å"wonderful† meant different things during the time of their usage. These words were later on changed to make the publication maintain its credibility and meaning. Word choice, la nguage, voice, and audience Within the novel, the author uses basic words and sentences to bring out the message. The complexity within the work of Mary Shelley is clearly lacking. Frankenstein’s creation was not the real monster. Although the creature had much gruesome behavior, it nevertheless harbored human-like characteristics that cannot be ignored. The narrator within the chapter is Victor Frankenstein, and he gave his own opinion of the creation of the monster. In doing so, the reader sees the highlighted monstrosity of the creature. This creates a bias towards agreeing with Victor that the creature was one that even â€Å"Dante could not have conceived†. The choice of diction in the introduction of the creature when the narrator says that it was created on a dreary night in November shows that Frankenstein was only concerned about the monster and not the consequences it would have on him and his family. The reference to certain gothic features such as the patte ring of rain and pitch darkness brought up a psychic feeling. This technique is used in Frankenstein to mark the beginning of a new era in which Victor and his monster world terrorize the world. The author’s choice of phraseology that described the monster is important. Instead of accounting for the detailed moments when Frankenstein witnessed the creature awakening, the author uses certain phrases like its dull yellow eye opened, and that it breathed hard and a convulsive motion agitated its limbs. Frankenstein was portrayed as having lustrous black hair and teeth of a pearly whiteness as well as watery eyes. The intention was to bring out the monster in the creature based on the creature alone. The language used by the monster presented to the reader an almost civilized and human creature. The creature displayed confusion that might be mistaken for monstrosity by the audience. The humanity of the creature is further illustrated when he first wakes up and greets Frankenstein with a grin that indicates no sign of monstrosity. The other part of the narration is taken up by Victor Frankenstein. Victor engages on a similar story as that of the creature although he narrates it from the other perspective. Victor describes the character change in the monster from the time of creation to the moment it started turning against people and harming them. The narration by Victor offered a far more detailed experience as it associates itself with the way in which the majority of people react to a monster. The novel Frankenstein provides the reader with a great variety when it comes to narration. The complex narrative system rotates around Robert Walton, Victor and the monster. These three main characters share different levels of audience with each other and the reader. There are at least four levels of audiences in the novel. Walton, Saville and his companions share a first audience as they communicate through the letters that readers can also view. Victor and Walto n share a first audience while the two and Saville share a second audience when they discuss the idea of creating and hunting down the monster. Lastly, the De Laceys, the monster and Frankenstein share a first audience while the two, Walton and Seville share a third and fourth audience. The readers belong in the last group of audiences. Understanding of the Creature’s character From the onset, the creation of the monster by Victor Frankenstein displayed an inclination to regard the outcome as inhuman. The monster was created from an assembly of dead body parts and chemicals. The monster was immediately abandoned by his master that forced him to a lonely life away from family or any other form of companionship. This early neglect by Victor Frankenstein was one of the causes of the behavior change in the monster. The monster narrates how he sought companionship among other human beings who rejected him in the same way that he was rejected by his master. In return, the monster s wore he would avenge all the pain he had experienced. Viewing the novel from Victor’s perspective, a reader might be mistaken that his creation was a purely evil monster. Contrary to what was emotionally portrayed by Victor to be a monster, the creature in Frankenstein provided a more humane side of himself in his narration. The creature exhibits sensitivity in the way he handles the different human beings that he meets on the countryside. The drowning girl and young William Frankenstein were perfect examples of how sensitive the creature was. After realizing that human beings despised him, the creature narrated how he mourned silently and yearned for a friend. The creature was also extremely benevolent as he assisted a group of poor peasants by providing logs for firewood and water. The behavior change by the creature that turned him into a monster can be attributed to several factors. From the narration by Victor Frankenstein, the society treated the creature as an outcast and an evil being. His attempts at making peace with men were met with outright resistance and hatred. The creature was, therefore, harboring vengeful thoughts as the same society that begot him now rejected him. When he met a young child whom he thought would be neutral and non-judgmental, he realized that this was not true when his purported child friend turned against him. From that moment, he vowed to avenge all the suffering, discomfort and rejection that human being had subjected him. This can be understood as a reaction to a change in the social environment and not the creature’s ordinary character traits. . Frankenstein Essay Thank you for reading this Sample! We will write a custom essay sample on Frankenstein Essay Example specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Frankenstein Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Frankenstein Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Friday, March 6, 2020

Looking At The Lives And Education Of Foster Children Social Work Essay Essays

Looking At The Lives And Education Of Foster Children Social Work Essay Essays Looking At The Lives And Education Of Foster Children Social Work Essay Essay Looking At The Lives And Education Of Foster Children Social Work Essay Essay 2004 ) . The importance of permanence in the lives of surrogate young person raises the inquiry: What is the highest degree of instruction completed by Foster attention young person after household reunion compared to non-reunified young person? The National Association of Financial Aid Administrators states that if surrogate young person attended postsecondary instruction at the same degree as their equals, the consequence would be an extra 100,000 young person go toing college in the United States, per twelvemonth ( Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 2007 ) . Although there are specific commissariats and plans that may supply foster attention young person with more mental wellness services and fiscal assistance than the mean pupil, it is reported that many foster young person are non cognizant that college is an option for them ( Dishion et al. , 2004 ) . Not merely do pupils from surrogate attention lack the support construction that other pupils rely on, many besides have reserves about placing their yesteryears ( Dishion et al. , 2004 ) . This makes it hard to execute outreach to supply information, support, and other resources to help them in accomplishing postsecondary educational ends. Shame ov er childhood history may besides impede foster attention young person in finishing the needed personal statement part of college applications. Educational accomplishment among surrogate young person and reunified foster young person is of import for societal work research as it encompasses a assortment of societal issues. Such research can open doors to the educational system and the greater demand for societal workers in schools. By puting a microscope on educational attainment of surrogate young person versus reunified young person, we can gauge whether reunion contributes to completion of higher degrees of instruction and better support systems for households. This research comes at a clip when important budget cuts, proposed by Governor Schwarzenegger, to countries such as mental wellness and kid public assistance, endanger to extinguish support for supportive plans for surrogate young person, many of which are the really ground Foster young person are marginally successful. It is projected these cuts will greatly impact permanence plans and In-Home Supportive Services, every bit good as addition the figure of surrogate young person in residential and hospital intervention installations ( Scott Graves Ph.D, Senior Policy Analyst for the California Budget Project, 2008 ) . Second, media coverage has highlighted incidents of ferociousness between pupils, late ensuing in the human death of one Foster young person. The prevalence of societal exclusion is apparent in such headlines. The Social Exclusion Unit Report ( 2003 ) states that surrogate young person are more likely to be bullied, 6 out of 10, compared to 1 in 6 out-of-care kids ( Social Exclusion Unit Report, 2003 ) . The deductions of such intimidation, is an addition in high school bead out rates amongst surrogate young person. Literature Review Many surrogate kids s lives are characterized by instability, which involves unplanned school alterations doing undeveloped societal accomplishments and the ability to develop relationships with equals. Missing cardinal educational stuff adversely affects their acquisition and accomplishment ( Zeitlin, 2004 ) . Harmonizing to the Youth Justice Board Survey, kids in attention are 10 times more likely to be inveterate absent from school ( Social Exclusion Unit Report, 2003 ) . Zeitlin ( 2004 ) points out that 10 % of the general population receives particular instruction services, whereas 25-52 % of surrogate kids are placed in particular instruction due to either a learning disablement or serious emotional perturbation. Leathers and Testa ( 2006 ) conducted a survey on 416 indiscriminately selected liberated Foster young person through a study administered to social workers in Illinois to place whether surrogate young person had achieved independent life following surrogate attention arrangement. Leathers and Testa ( 2006 ) instructed social workers to supply information on 17-year-old Foster young person that would be followed for two old ages, as services for youth terminal at 19 old ages of age. Leathers and Testa ( 2006 ) measured information on the Foster young person s independent life accomplishments, educational attainment, and ability to derive and maintain employment every bit good as emotional, behavioural and particular demands. The findings revealed that 42 % of surrogate young person had high school sheepskin or equivalency grades ( Leathers A ; Testa, 2006 ) . Furthermore, 23 % were enrolled in a four-year university or community college ( Leathers A ; Testa, 2006 ) . Twenty per cen tum were identified as high school dropouts who were non prosecuting a GED or higher instruction ( Leathers A ; Testa, 2006 ) . The Leathers and Testa ( 2006 ) survey revealed that despite discrepancies in educational attainment, many of the young person included in the survey were able to accomplish independent life accomplishments. Colton and Heath ( 1994 ) conducted a longitudinal survey on the educational advancement and behaviour of long-run Foster young person compared to kids having societal work support while remaining with their biological parents. The sample consists of 49 surrogate kids ( 26 male, 23 female ) , ages 8-14 old ages old, who have been in attention for at least 6 months. A kid s behaviour was measured by qualitative questionnaires distributed to the pupils instructors and parents. Educational attainment was measured by standardised trial tonss in comparing to the national norm of all pupils in the 8-14 twelvemonth old age bracket. In proving whether or non there is a correlativity between behaviour jobs and low educational attainment among detached kids, Colton and Heath ( 1994 ) found that overall academic attainment tonss were below the national norm, irrespective of celebrated behaviour jobs. Contrary to Colton and Heath s survey, Merdinger, Hines, Lemon, Osterling and Wyatt ( 2005 ) present findings on a multimethod and multiphase survey of liberated Foster young person go toing a four-year university to foreground the resiliency Foster young person exemplify in the face of hardship. Merdinger ( 2005 ) and her co-workers conducted a survey entitled Nerve pathwaies to College for Former Foster Youth utilizing a sample of 216 former Foster young person go toing college on 11 campuses in one big province university system. The Pathways to College for Former Foster Youth survey utilized qualitative self-administered studies which took 20 to thirty proceedingss to finish and were so mailed back. Merdinger et al. , ( 2005 ) found that while many research workers focus on the deficiency of educational attainment within the Foster attention system, there is really small focal point on the success rates of surrogate young person who have received reunion services. Kools ( 1997 ) discusses individuality development in surrogate young person and explains how negative effects of lessened position, such as societal isolation, and stereotyped outlooks, such as others beliefs that surrogate young person are nt motivated or capable, decreases accomplishment in developmental mileposts. Kools ( 1997 ) sample included 17 striplings ( 9 female, 8 male ) between the ages of 15 and 19, who have experienced multiple arrangement passages populating in long-run ( 2-11 old ages ) Foster attention, in both surrogate household places and group places. Data was collected qualitatively by carry oning intensive interviews with kids in Foster attention, observation in group-home scenes, and an analysis of instance records. Kools ( 1997 ) methodological analysis included dimensional analysis from the traditional grounded theory method to analyze experiences shared from the Foster kid s position. Kools ( 1997 ) found that the negative stereotypes and stigma attached to further attention youth lead to peer examination within schools, devaluating their already low, sense of ego, decelerating a kid s developmental procedure and doing low self-prides and low academic accomplishment. As a consequence of the ambitious experiences foster youth face due to emotional injury and separation from household members, Merdinger et al. , ( 2005 ) illustrated that following discharge from the Foster attention system, 35 % of the surveies participants identified having mental wellness services. Further, of those, 31 % , stated they utilised therapy or guidance, 10.2 % received outpatient services and 6.9 % obtained in-patient services. However, Leathers and Testa ( 2006 ) found that 60 % of young person who reported holding mental wellness jobs did non describe having any services within the past 3 months. Further, Leathers and Testa ( 2006 ) revealed that young person who had dropped out of high school were less likely to have services than any other young person. Academic shortages in surrogate kids have partly contributed to residential instability ensuing in the frequent transportation of surrogate young person from one Foster place to the following. Passages to new surrogate places are disputing for the young person as they are sometimes located in different school territories, coercing the kids to travel and readapt to a new group of schoolmates and instructors ( Cogner A ; Finkelstein, 2003 ) . Passage can be particularly disputing for surrogate young person as they frequently experience low self-pride, devaluation and stigmatisation, which can negatively impact their academic attainment ( Kools, 1997 ) . Additionally, Cogner and Finkelstein ( 2003 ) estimation that about, 15-33 % of kids who experience residential instability show low academic accomplishment and a diminution in academic public presentation due to high rates of school transportations and residential alterations ( p. 98 ) . Due to hapless communicating between societal public assistance bureaus and the school system, foster kids get left behind ( Cogner A ; Finkelstein, 2003 ) . Harmonizing to Cogner A ; Finkelstein ( 2003 ) delays in instruction caused by school transportations and a deficiency of a consistent arrangement, are educational barriers within the Foster attention system. A conducive factor to this issue is the hapless communicating between the societal public assistance bureaus and the school systems, which allows foster kids to acquire left behind in school ( Cogner A ; Finkelstein, 2003 ) . This survey reveals that in one peculiar instance, several pupils were absent from school for a whole month because the Department of Education failed to finish their enrollment paperwork ( Cogner A ; Finkelstein, 2003 ) . Cogner and Finkelstein ( 2003 ) uncovered an overall deficiency of support for Foster attention pupils throughout their academic calling. They point out the demand to raise consciousness of Foster attention pupils in schools, and educate instructors and counsel counsellors who are normally unfamiliar with the Foster attention system every bit good as the experiences of surrogate kids ( Cogner and Finkelstein, 2003 ) . Cogner and Finkelstein ( 2003 ) place a deficit of social workers recommending for surrogate young person in the instruction system. The survey studies that due to heavy caseloads, social workers tend to prioritise wellness and safety over instruction ( Cogner and Finkelstein, 2003 ) . There is really small research done on school transportation and the effects on surrogate youth educational accomplishment. Restrictions of this research analysis include the trust of information gathered on surrogate young person statistics from the Administrative Children s Services and the Department of Education databases. Dissimilar to Cogner and Finkelstein, Merdinger et al. , ( 2005 ) found that several external factors contributed to a Foster young person s educational attainment ; educational stableness in high school joined with a demanding course of study every bit good as the outlook that they would go to college. Merdinger et al. , ( 2005 ) revealed that several pupils stated they had function theoretical accounts who made a permanent feeling on them and in most instances these, important grownups did something special to maintain the young person in school or on the way to college ( p.875 ) . Overall, Merdinger et al. , found that the importance of an indispensable figure at a critical phase in a young person s development impacted their chase of higher instruction. Overall, the survey pointed out that the bulk of the sample ( 75.7 % ) indicated they had person to inquire for aid or advice and 39.4 % a household member, 19 % a counsellor or healer, and 11 % a instructor or school staff. The refore, of import relationships that were established in earlier childhood may hold prepared pupils for ulterior passages in life. Rarely is the household of beginning perceived as a valuable beginning of support for a kid who has been removed from his or her place. Alternatively, the household is viewed entirely as the genteelness land for the maltreatment and disregard that initiated the kid s arrangement in the Foster attention system. Although research workers have explored the Foster attention population, Emerson ( 2007 ) points out, the absence of sound informations and information is forestalling advocators, analysts, and policymakers from run intoing the educational demands of this vulnerable population ( p. 7 ) . With the displacement in the kid public assistance system towards permanence planning, what is yet to be explored is reunified surrogate young persons advancement through the higher instruction system ( Emerson 2007 ) . Successful intercessions that promote the quality of household fond regard, history, and resiliency to beef up the kid s self-esteem, will show improved educational results ( Dishion et al. , 2004 ) . Family Reunification plans that provide support squads of societal workers, instructors, and decision makers, better the cloth of the kid s full community. Many of the households functioning young person in out-of-home attention demand to recommend with schools to do certain that this at-risk population receives the educational benefits to which they are entitled. Methods Research Design In order to find if reunified Foster young person will hold higher rates of educational attainment versus non-reunified Foster young person, the survey will do usage of an exploratory-descriptive design using quantitative research methods. There will be two stages of the sample choice procedure: 1 ) the first stage will dwell of indiscriminately choosing 5000 former Foster young person from the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services 2 ) from the first sample, a subgroup will be assembled based on a telephone interview that will be used to find the length of clip spent in surrogate attention every bit good as reunion position. Following the first stage and retroflexing the Pathways to College survey ( 2005 ) , the Reunification survey will roll up informations in the signifier of a self-administered questionnaire which will be mailed to former Foster attention young person shacking in Los Angeles County. The questionnaire was developed utilizing information from the Pathways to College survey ( 2005 ) in add-on to specific reunion inquiries devised by alumnus pupils at the University of Southern California School of Social Work. Non-probability, purposive trying methods will be employed to enroll former Foster attention young person. Non-probability trying choice will trust on available topics found throughout the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services records of surrogate young person. The sampling frame will trust on the telephone interview responses from the initial 5000 former Foster attention young person shacking in Los Angeles County. It is predicted that at least 1000 topics will be assembled from the initial 5000 former Foster attention youth sample. The mark population is former Foster attention youth aged 22-30 old ages of age ( born between the old ages of 1978-1985 ) . Further, topics will be given an inducement of $ 15, which will be mailed to respondents who return the completed study. Adequate compens ation of $ 15 is determined based on the thought that respondents may be enrolled in college or late graduated. The usage of a cross-sectional survey will mensurate the experiences of reunified Foster young person capturing their educational attainment at one point in their life. The principle for the overall design is that it will advance an expansive hunt of the Foster attention system turn uping a population which is by and large unrecognised. Sample Two stages of sampling will be employed to choose the sample of non-reunified Foster attention young person every bit good as reunified Foster young person. Both stages will dwell of non-probability, purposive trying methods that will be used to enroll former Foster attention young person populating throughout Los Angeles County. Participants were accessed through records obtained by manner of the Department of Children and Family Services Foster Care System. Participants are verified through official certification provided by DCFS Foster Care System of their position as wards of the tribunal every bit good as telephone interview for verification of information. Non-probability sampling is used based on the trust of available topics in the Foster attention system. Though non-probability sampling is deemed less dependable, this method will supply research workers with information on a specifically selected group of surrogate young person that are non traditionally studied. This method is purposive as topics will be manus selected based on demands outlined in the Procedures subdivision. The research workers are interested in comparing reunified Foster attention young person to the non-reunified Foster attention youth population. Non-probability sampling will besides be less expensive and more representative of the reunified subgroup of the former Foster attention youth population. In order to obtain the primary sample, research workers will wash up Los Angeles County DCFS records to randomly choice 5000 Foster young person that will be screened for making. After the first 5000 topics are screened for making intents, the following subgroup will be contacted with a missive explicating the intent of the survey and bespeaking their engagement. The mark population is comprised of former Foster attention youth aged 22 to 30 old ages of age ( birth twelvemonth from 1978-1985 ) . Due to the nature of the subject being researched, topics will hold the chance to anonymousl y inscribe in the survey. Anonymous registration can enable participants to experience secure in supplying inside informations sing their past experiences as surrogate young person ( Rubin and Babbie, 2008 ) . Measurement The survey will utilize age and reunion to nominally mensurate the variables, which will later be assigned coded Numberss to quantitatively analyse the information collected. Cross-sectional explorative research is ideal for analyzing the expansive population of former Foster young person in Los Angeles County, which will be measured by appraising methods. Cross-sectional research evaluates the variables identifies in this survey and validities the plausibleness of the thought that academic accomplishment is related to further youth household reunion ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . Past research shows that cross-sectional research designs are used in the bulk of surveies on surrogate households ( Orme A ; Buehler, 2001 ) . Pilot surveies were non conducted to mensurate this population as all initial information was collected through the Department of Child and Family Services ( DCFS ) . Defined Variables The undermentioned variables and spheres will heighten or impede academic attainment in former Foster young person. Independent Variable: Foster Care System Dependent Variable: Academic Accomplishment Result: Academic Accomplishment Spheres: Relationships with teachers/mentors, equal dealingss, and educational positions Extraneous Variables: Controling for reunified Foster young person in survey population Moderating Variables: Factors that impede on academic success. For a kid in surrogate attention this includes household connection and/or reunion with household of beginning. Interceding Variables: Foster attention system experience and the affects on academic accomplishment. An illustration of this includes the changeless transplantation and transferring of surrogate kids between surrogate places, doing a break in the kid s financial school calendar by doing them to lose school. Operational Definitions The undermentioned information defines the operational definitions used to place the constructs and persons measured in this survey. Former Foster Care Youth: Describes any person who has had a long-run arrangement in the Foster attention system. Long-run Placement: Describes any person who has spent 1+ twelvemonth in the Foster attention system. Emancipated Foster Youth: Describes any person who exited the Foster attention system at 18 old ages of age. Educational Attainment: Describes a pupil s thrust to win in school ; every bit good as, the existent degree of academe achieved. Non-Reunified Young person: Identifies foster care kids who were non reunited with their biological household after come ining the system Reunified Young person: Identifies foster care kids who have been taken out of the place and placed in a impermanent Foster place, but were necessarily united with their biological household ( household of beginning ) . Family Reunion: Describes the procedure of a household coming together, to populate in the same place, after a kid is placed back into their household place by the province and is no longer portion of the Foster attention system. Wards of the Court: Identifies all kids who have been removed from their place and processed by California Foster Care System and the Los Angeles Department of Child and Family Services. Dependability and Validity of Instruments/Measures Analyzing available records will be less dearly-won and less clip consuming, but systemic mistake and random mistake is a barrier in roll uping equal research from the Department of Child and Family Services. Systemic mistake may happen in the state of affairs that the profile/documents of a former Foster young person was altered due to falsified information written by the social worker and/or inaccurate information communicated by the past Foster parents or school system. Random mistakes may besides happen due to inadequate followup and hapless certification of kid s arrangement position. These barriers, along with many other plausible factors, create mistakes in research and impact the dependability of the information gathered, every bit good as the cogency of the overall survey ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . This alternate signifier of measuring is executable for this survey as the lone information that will be acquired from the bing DCFS files is placing information, which will in clude name of former Foster young person, day of the month of birth, phone figure and reference. The dependability of this step will so be validated with informal telephone interviews sing that single reached via telephone is a former Foster young person born between 1978-1985. Although cultural competence is critical in the creative activity on the cross-sectional study design, there is no measurement equality of psychometric belongingss relevant to and/or impacting the measuring of the survey at this clip, the information shared on the questionnaire will be coded and evaluated irrespective of any cultural factors ( Orme A ; Buehler, 2001 ) . Written self-report questionnaires will be the primary step used for the sample population. This signifier of measuring will be good to the erstwhile cross-sectional research as it assembles general background person on an person but it will besides give position on the person s attitude and behaviour ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . This information will give researches insight into the persons mental and physical capacities and provides research workers with dependable research that expands causalities between surrogate attention and instruction. Appropriate face cogency is indispensable for the choice of research indexs and variables. Establishing face cogency establishes the life of the survey and research steps chosen. Face cogency is a pre-requisite before get downing this research survey, in that before research is conducted, research workers must find the world of reunion of surrogate young person with original household affects foster youth academic accomplishment ; the handiness of a sample population of former Foster young person between a defined age group. The procedure of face cogency will set up that the measurings chosen seem to mensurate what was expected in the survey ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . This encapsulates the external cogency prevalent in this survey, intending that past research has generalized findings sing the Foster attention experience and the educational experiences of Foster attention kids looking for roots of causality. We presume that internal cogency will stay high as the research workers a re confident in their ability to efficaciously analyse the intended survey. Adequate discrepancy of the research survey provides operationalized picks to guarantee a scope of fluctuation and the grade of properties that have a causal relationship. Procedures Using cross-sectional exploratory research the survey will get down by analyzing bing research, which will be provided by Los Angeles DCFS. After roll uping information on Foster young person who emancipated out of the system and who are presently between the ages of 22 and 30, colloquial telephone calls were made to each person name taken from DCFS files to corroborate the occupant was still a former Foster young person. These telephone calls will besides find if the topic had reunified with household of beginning. Each topic will hold been screened for survey eligibility. After corroborating the residences of former Foster young person, self-report questionnaires with open-ended and closed-ended inquiries will be mailed out, which will offer the sample population a fiscal inducement of $ 15 to return their completed rating. The written self-report questionnaire will include qualitative inquiring ; circling/marking a inquiry, and eventuality inquiring, which will enable research wor kers to contract a wide demographic. This will let for a executable measuring of the big former Foster young person population, and the findings will be more generalizable, which will enable research workers to find the existent representativeness and order of a predicted causal relationship between surrogate youth place arrangement ( surrogate place or united with original family ) and educational attainment degrees ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . Conceptual and Methodological Restrictions Cross-sectional surveies are influential in the development of new cognition, but a restriction of this research design entails the inability to subtract conclusive grounds in effort to set up causal order of variable and properties of the sample. When utilizing self-reporting as a signifier of informations measuring it is imperative to see artificiality of the self-reports, and the possible deficiency of cogency, as the statistics provided for the research were founded on trust and confidentiality. Although written self-reporting is normally used in societal work research, it may be hard to make a well-received study that is worded right and avoids any cultural prejudices, and is non overpowering in length and trouble ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . Overall, there is minimum research on surrogate young person experiences, with in-home or out-of-home Foster attention arrangement, correlated to educational attainment. Most conceptual research on Foster attention kids holds no valid grounds of normative statistical informations, and relies on mensurating a population sample without any known psychometric belongingss. This limits the research worker s ability to analyze and trust on past research to farther retroflex and/or advanced research across assorted civilizations on the subject of involvement. Instrumentality After analyzing available records and roll uping general information/data on Foster young person from the Los Angeles Department of Child and Family Services, unstructured, colloquial telephone interviews will be conducted entirely to verify abode of surrogate young person in order to corroborate the person was a surrogate young person and is presently between the ages of 22 and 30. In the instance that the past Foster young person has moved, the study will non be sent to that individual or the new occupant is able to supply the surveyor with new contact information. Once references are verified, it is predicted that about 1,000 self-administered questionnaires will be mailed to each identified former Foster attention young person between the ages of 22 and 30. In stead of the former Foster young person s engagement and returned questionnaire, a $ 15 inducement will be mailed to the participants. The greater the response of completed studies attained, the larger the survey sample siz e, which will diminish opportunity of trying mistake and increase the cogency and dependability of the statistical grounds collected ( Rubin A ; Babbie, 2008 ) . Once returned back, the questionnaires will undergo a measure uping quantitative analysis in order to change over the written informations into numerical signifier ( Rubin and Babbie, 2008 ) . Datas Analysis Quantitative informations ensuing from the studies will be examined utilizing a computing machine based statistical analysis system such as SPSS. Descriptive statistics will be employed to get information sing participant demographics, educational attainment, employment/economic position, foster care experience including societal support, and accomplishments developing. The information provided from the self-administered studies will be transformed in to coded values which the research workers will utilize to suitably categorise each participant experience. The coded values will so be converted in to statistics which will so be used to compare reunified Foster young person versus non-reunified Foster youth educational attainment. The statistics will supply grounds to whether or non the hypothesis is statistically important. If the hypothesis is at the.05 degree of significance we can reason that the void hypothesis has merely a.05 chance of being true and therefore reject it. Deductions We hypothesize that reunified foster young person will hold completed higher degrees of instruction, than those who spent at least one twelvemonth ( long-run arrangement ) in the Foster attention system. This is due to the prevalence of stableness in reunified young person through reduced school mobility, increased resources, higher self-pride, and resiliency. The significance of this determination is that it supports the necessity of stableness for completion of higher instruction which may diminish the prevalence of delinquency, substance maltreatment, and homelessness as results of surrogate young person determined by old research surveies ( Bates et al. , 1997 ; Emerson, 2007 ) . The deduction is that, permanence, by making stableness and the societal position of rank, is an of import resource for non-reunified young person, which may increase positive results for completion in higher instruction. For young person in province attention to go successful and emotionally healthy in maturity, they must go forth the Foster attention system in a planned mode that connects them to a womb-to-tomb household ( Louisell, 2003 ; Pecora et al. , 2003 ; Wulczyn, 2004 ; Zeitlin, 2004 ) . Family permanency finally can cut down the figure of young person who enter attention every bit good as those who age out of surrogate attention without a househol d ( Louisell, 2003 ) . More than 25,000 surrogate young person age out of province attention or run off every twelvemonth before governments can reunite them with their parents, place them for good with relations, or procure an adoptive household ( Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 2007 ) . Those vulnerable youth deficiency any on-going connexion to household members or caring grownups. Federal, province, and local governments must acknowledge the critical importance of lasting household connexions for young person in Foster attention if significant advancement is to be made in bettering results for these disconnected young person. Policies and support must bolster these critical connexions. Child welfare systems can convey kids the permanency they need by supplying support to households so that kids can stay safely with their ain parents and household members ( i.e. avoid surrogate attention arrangement ) or return safely to their parents and household members. At hazard kids may be placed with relations who are able to care for them, or, when these options are non available, making alternate planned populating agreements while fostering continued household connexions are feasible programs of action for professionals ( Louisell, 2003 ) . Permanence is both a value and end of pattern. Change will necessitate new patterns, adequate and flexible support, improved inducements for systems and single households, and redefined ends and steps of answerability for policy shapers and practicians. Specific elements of household permanency that are of import for youth include: engagement of the young person as a participant in intervention planning ; a lasting connexion with at least one grownup who provides love, unconditioned committedness, womb-to-tomb support, a stable and unafraid parenting relationship, and perchance a legal relationship ; and the chance to keep contact with personally of import people, including birth siblings ( Louisell, 2003 ; Pecora, et al. , 2003 ) . Mentions Babbie, E.R. A ; Rubin, A. ( 2008 ) Research methods for societal work ( 6th ed. ) . Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Barth, R.P. ( 1990 ) . On their ain: The experiences of young person after surrogate attention. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 7 ( 5 ) , 419-440. Bass, S. , Shields, M.K. , A ; Behrman, R.E. ( 2004 ) . Children, households, and foster attention: Analysis and recommendations. The Future of Children, 1 ( 14 ) , 4-29. Bates, B.C. , English, D.J. A ; Kouidou-Giles, S. ( 1997 ) . Residential intervention and its options: A reappraisal of the literature. Child and Youth Care Forum, 26 ( 1 ) , 7-51. Berrick, J.D. ( 1998 ) . When Children Can non Stay Home: Foster Family Care and Kinship Care. The Future of Children, 8 ( 1 ) , 72-87. Chipungu, S.S. A ; Bent-Goodley, T.B. ( 2004 ) . Meeting the Challenges of Contemporary Foster Care. The Future of Children, 14 ( 1 ) , 75-93. Colton, M. , Health, A. ( 1994 ) . The instruction of kids in demand: Attainment and behaviour of kids in attention and at place. Oxford Review of Education, 3 ( 20 ) , 317-327. Conger, D. , Finkelstein, M.J. ( 2003 ) . Foster attention and school mobility. The Journal of Negro Education, 1 ( 72 ) , 97-103. Dishion, T.J, Nelson, S.E. , A ; Bullock, B.M. ( 2004 ) . Premature adolescent liberty: parent detachment and aberrant equal procedure in the elaboration of job behaviour. Journal of Adolescence, 27 ( 5 ) , 515-530. DHHS ( US Dept. of Health and Human Services ) Administration for Children and Families, Children s Bureau. ( 2003 ) The AFCARS Report ( Vol 8, pp.1-7 ) . Emerson, J. ( 2007 ) . From surrogate attention to college. National Association of Student Personnel Administrators Leadership Exchange, 4 ( 4 ) . Winter 2007. Fan, X. ( 2001 ) . Parental engagement and pupils academic accomplishment: A growing patterning analysis. Journal of Experimental Education, 70 ( 1 ) , 27-61. Farmer, E.M.Z. , Mustillo. S. , Burns, B.J. A ; Holden, W.B. ( 2008 ) . Use and forecasters of out-of- place arrangements within systems of attention. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders 16 ( 1 ) , 5-10. Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics ( 2007 ) . America s kids: Key national indexs of good being, 2007. Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statisticss, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Harden, B.J. ( 2004 ) . Safety and stableness for surrogate kids: A developmental position. The Future of Children, 1 ( 14 ) . Hossler, D. , Schmit, J. , A ; Vesper, N. ( 1999 ) . Traveling to college: How societal, economic, and educational factors influence the determinations pupils make. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Jackson, Sonia. ( 1994 ) . Educating kids in residential and surrogate attention. Oxford Review of Education, 3 ( 20 ) , 267-279. Jones, L. A ; Lansdverk, J. ( 2006 ) . Residential instruction: Analyzing a new attack for bettering results for surrogate young person. ScienceDirect: Children and Youth Services Review, 2 ( 28 ) , 1152-1168. Kools, S.M. ( 1997 ) . Adolescent individuality development in surrogate attention. Family Relations, 3 ( 46 ) , 263-271. Leathers, S.J. , Testa, M.F. ( 2006 ) . Foster youth liberating from attention: Social workers studies on demands and services. Child Welfare, 3 ( 85 ) , 463. Lewit, E.M. ( 1993 ) . Children in Foster Care. The Future of Children, 3 ( 3 ) , 192-200. Louisell, M. ( 2003 ) . Model plans on young person permanence. California Permanency for Youth Project and California Permanency for Youth Task Force. Massinga, R. A ; Pecora, P.J. ( 2000 ) . Supplying better chances for older kids in the kid public assistance system. Children, Families and Foster Care, 1 ( 14 ) , 151-168. McDonough, P. M. ( 1997 ) . Choosing colleges: How societal category and schools construction chance. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. Merdinger, J.M. , Hines, A.M. , Osterling, K.L. , A ; Wyatt, P. ( 2005 ) . Pathways to college for former Foster young person: understanding factors that contribute to educational success. Child Welfare League of America, 84, 867-893. Fagot, M. ( 2008 ) . Helping surrogate attention youth entree college. Diverse Issues in Higher Education 24,12-14. Orme, J. A ; Buehler, C. ( 2001 ) . Foster household features and behavioural and emotional jobs of surrogate kids: A narrative reappraisal. Family Relations, 50 ( 1 ) , 3-15. Pecora, P. , Williams, J. , Kessler, R. , Downs, C. , OBrien, K. , A ; Hirpi, E. , et Al. ( 2003 ) . The Foster attention alumni surveies. Seattle: Casey Family plan. Drum sanders, C. E. , Field, T. M. , A ; Diego, M. A. ( 2001 ) . Adolescents academic outlooks and accomplishment. Adolescence, 36 ( 144 ) , 795-802. Sewell, W. H. , A ; Shah, V. P. ( 1978 ) . Social category, parental encouragement, and educational aspirations. American Journal of Sociology, 3, 559-572. Social Exclusion Units Report ( 2003 ) . A better instruction for kids in attention. Retrieved on February 9, 2008, from www.socialexclusionunit.gov.uk. Stone, Susan. ( 2006 ) . Child ill-treatment, out-of-home arrangement and academic exposure: A 15 twelvemonth reappraisal of grounds and future waies. ScienceDirect: Children and Youth Services Review, 4 ( 29 ) , 139-161. Thieman, A.A. A ; Dail, P. ( 1992 ) . Family saving services: Problems of measuring and appraisal of hazard. Family Relations, 41 ( 2 ) , 186-191. Woodward, S. ( 2004 ) . Advocates Seek Improvements in Education for Foster Youth. Young person Law News, 1-6. Wulczyn, F. ( 2004 ) . Family reunion. The Future of Children, 14 ( 1 ) , 94-113. Zetlin, A.G. , Weinberg, L.A. ( 2004 ) . Understanding the predicament of surrogate young person and improving their educational chances. Child Abuse A ; Neglect, 28, 917-923.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Effectiveness of Security Technology in Reducing Security Threats Research Paper

Effectiveness of Security Technology in Reducing Security Threats - Research Paper Example Chapter five presents the conclusion and recommendations of the study based on the findings. Security threats vary in both characteristics and magnitudes. One of the types of security threats faced by individuals is unlawful acts perpetrated by other individuals. Technology has lately developed to address this security threat. The most recent technology introduced to address this security threat is the surveillance technology (Monahan, 2010). This technology has played a very great part in enhancing security through prediction of unlawful and catastrophic events. The emergence of the information age after the introduction of computers resulted in other types of security threats. According to Stoneburner, Hayden, & Feringa (2004), one of the security threats that were associated with the emergence of the information age is a loss of essential information by an individual or a company. Several technologies in form of software systems have been generated to solve this security threat. The purpose of this literature review is to aid the researcher gain a clear understanding and insight of the problem based on various studies done in the same field or related field. Various scholars have various schools of thoughts and perspectives regarding security threats, the technologies used to address the threats, their effectiveness or failure and whether these technologies respond to the dynamic times and circumstances brought about by the constantly changing field of the information and communication technology. This chapter reviews the available literature on this topic and looks at these different perspectives that these scholars have put forward (Hall, 2008). Threats to personal security and that of property, information and other equipment have been in existence for a very long time. People have often engaged in  criminal activities involving an unlawful threat to individuals’ lives.